Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov

Novice EOVP

2021

14 April 2021

Opinions on draft UK adequacy decisions, Guidelines on the application of Article 65(1)(a) GDPR, Guidelines on the targeting of social media users and Statement on international agreements including transfers

During its plenary session, the EDPB adopted two Opinions on the draft UK adequacy decisions. Opinion 14/2021 is based on the GDPR and assesses both general data protection aspects and government access to personal data transferred from the EEA for the purposes of law enforcement and national security included in the draft adequacy decision. This assessment is based on the GDPR Adequacy Referential WP254. Opinion 15/2021 is based on the Law Enforcement Directive (LED) and analyses the draft adequacy decision in the light of Recommendations 01/2021 on the adequacy referential under the Law Enforcement Directive, as well as the relevant case law reflected in Recommendations 02/2020 on the European Essential Guarantees for surveillance measures. This is the first draft implementing decision on a third country’s adequacy under the LED ever presented by the European Commission and assessed by the EDPB. 

The EDPB notes that there are key areas of strong alignment between the EU and the UK data protection frameworks on certain core provisions such as: grounds for lawful and fair processing for legitimate purposes; purpose limitation; data quality and proportionality; data retention, security and confidentiality; transparency; special categories of data; and on automated decision making and profiling.

EDPB Chair, Andrea Jelinek said: "The UK data protection framework is largely based on the EU data protection framework. The UK Data Protection Act 2018 further specifies the application of the GDPR in UK law, in addition to transposing the LED, as well as granting powers and imposing duties on the national data protection supervisory authority, the ICO. Therefore, the EDPB recognises that the UK has mirrored, for the most part, the GDPR and LED in its data protection framework and when analysing its law and practice, the EDPB identified many aspects to be essentially equivalent. However, whilst laws can evolve, this alignment should be maintained. So we welcome the Commission's decision to limit the granted adequacy in time and the intention to closely monitor developments in the UK.”

The EDPB underlines that several items should be further assessed and/or closely monitored by the European Commission in its decision based on the GDPR, such as: 

  • Immigration Exemption and its consequences on restrictions on data subject rights;
  • The application of restrictions to onward transfers of EEA personal data transferred to the UK, on the basis of, for instance, future adequacy decisions adopted by the UK, international agreements concluded between the UK and third countries, or derogations.

Regarding access by public authorities for national security purposes to personal data transferred to the UK, the EDPB welcomes the establishment of the Investigatory Powers Tribunal (IPT) to address the challenges of redress in the area of national security, and the introduction of Judicial Commissioners in the Investigatory Powers Act (IPA) 2016 to ensure better oversight in that same field. The EDPB still identifies a number of points requiring further clarifications and/or monitoring: 

  • Bulk interceptions;
  • Independent assessment and oversight of the use of automated processing tools;
  • Safeguards provided under UK law when it comes to overseas disclosure, in particular in light of the application of national security exemptions.

The Board adopted Guidelines on the application of Article 65(1)(a) GDPR to delineate the main stages of the procedure and clarify the competence of the EDPB when adopting a legally binding decision on the basis of Article 65(1)(a) GDPR. The Guidelines also include a description of the applicable procedural safeguards and remedies. The guidelines will be subject to public consultation for a period of six weeks.

The EDPB adopted a final version of the Guidelines on the targeting of social media users following public consultation. The aim of the Guidelines is to clarify the roles and responsibilities of social media providers and targeted individuals. The final version integrates updated wording in order to address comments and feedback received during the public consultation.

The EDPB adopted a Statement on international agreements including transfers. The EDPB invites EU Member States to assess and, where necessary, review their international agreements that involve international transfers of personal data and which were concluded before 24 May 2016 (for those relevant to the GDPR) and 6 May 2016 (for those relevant to the LED) to align them, where necessary, with EU data protection law. 

The agenda of the forty-eighth plenary is available here.

Note to editors:
Please note that all documents adopted during the EDPB Plenary are subject to the necessary legal, linguistic and formatting checks and will be made available on the EDPB website once these have been completed.

EDPB_Press Release_2021_03
 

12 April 2021

On April 13th, the EDPB will hold its 48th plenary session. The agenda for the 48th plenary is available here

 

 

06 April 2021

The European Data Protection Board (EDPB) and the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) adopted a joint opinion on the Proposals for a Digital Green Certificate. The Digital Green Certificate aims to facilitate the exercise of the right to free movement within the EU during the COVID-19 pandemic by establishing a common framework for the issuance, verification and acceptance of interoperable COVID-19 vaccination, testing and recovery certificates. 

With this Joint Opinion, the EDPB and the EDPS invite the co-legislators to ensure that the Digital Green Certificate is fully in line with EU personal data protection legislation. The data protection commissioners from all EU and European Economic Area countries highlight the need to mitigate the risks to fundamental rights of EU citizens and residents that may result from issuing the Digital Green Certificate, including its possible unintended secondary uses. The EDPB and the EDPS underline that the use of the Digital Green Certificate may not, in any way, result in direct or indirect discrimination of individuals, and must be fully in line with the fundamental principles of necessity, proportionality and effectiveness. Given the nature of the measures put forward by the Proposal, the EDPB and the EDPS consider that the introduction of the Digital Green Certificate should be accompanied by a comprehensive legal framework.

Andrea Jelinek, Chair of the EDPB, said: "A Digital Green Certificate that is accepted in all Member States can be a major step forward in re-starting travel across the EU. Any measure adopted at national or EU level that involves processing of personal data must respect the general principles of effectiveness, necessity and proportionality. Therefore, the EDPB and the EDPS recommend that any further use of the Digital Green Certificate by the Member States must have an appropriate legal basis in the Member States and all the necessary safeguards must be in place."

Wojciech Wiewiórowski, EDPS, said: It must be made clear that the Proposal does not allow for - and must not lead to - the creation of any sort of central database of personal data at EU level. In addition, it must be ensured that personal data is not processed any longer than what is strictly necessary and that access to and use of this data is not permitted once the pandemic has ended. I have always stressed that measures taken in the fight against COVID-19 are temporary and it is our duty to ensure that they are not here to stay after the crisis.”

In the current emergency situation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the EDPB and the EDPS insist that the principles of effectiveness, necessity, proportionality and non-discrimination are upheld. The EDPB and the EDPS reiterate that, at the moment of writing, there seems to be little scientific evidence as to whether having received the COVID-19 vaccine (or having recovered from COVID-19) grants immunity, and, by extension, how long such immunity may last. But scientific evidence is growing daily.

Moreover, a number of factors are still unknown regarding the efficacy of the vaccination in reducing transmission. The Proposal should lay down clear and precise rules governing the scope and application of the Digital Green Certificate and impose appropriate safeguards. This will allow individuals, whose personal data is affected, to have sufficient guarantees that they will be protected, in an effective way, against the risk of potential discrimination.

The Proposal must expressly include that access to and subsequent use of individuals’ data by EU Member States once the pandemic has ended is not permitted. At the same time, the EDPB and the EDPS highlight that the application of the proposed Regulation must be strictly limited to the current COVID-19 crisis.

The Joint Opinion includes specific recommendations for further clarifications on the categories of data concerned by the Proposal, data storage, transparency obligations and identification of controllers and processors for the processing of personal data. 

Note to editors: Please note that all documents adopted during the EDPB Plenary are subject to the necessary legal, linguistic and formatting checks and will be made available on the EDPB website once these have been completed.

EDPB_Press Release_statement_2021_03

26 March 2021

On March 30th, the EDPB will hold its 47th plenary session. During the plenary, the EDPB will dicsuss the European Commission's proposal for Regulations on a Digital Green Certificate.

The agenda for the 47th plenary is available here

16 March 2021

Due to the high number of responses, the call for expression of interest is already closed.

On April 30, the EDPB is organising a remote stakeholder event on the topic "application of the GDPR to the processing of personal data for scientific research purposes”. Representatives from, among others, individual companies, sector organisations, NGOs, law firms and academia with an expertise on the field are welcome to express interest in attending.

In order to express your interest to participate in the event, please fill in this form.

Places will be allocated on a first come, first served basis, depending on availability. Nonetheless, the EDPB reserves the right to give precedence to specific stakeholders, in light of their relevance in the field. Selected participants will receive the confirmation of their registration in the event via e-mail.

Detailed information and the programme of the event will be available shortly.

As we would like to have a balanced and representative audience, participation will be limited to one participant per organisation.

When? 30 April 2021, from 10:00 - 16:00h CET

10 March 2021

The EDPB and EDPS adopted a joint opinion on the proposal for a Data Governance Act (DGA). The DGA aims to foster the availability of data by increasing trust in data intermediaries [1] and by strengthening data-sharing mechanisms across the EU. In particular, the DGA intends to promote the availability of public sector data for reuse, sharing of data among businesses and allowing personal data to be used with the help of a ‘personal data-sharing intermediary’. The DGA also seeks to enable the use of data for altruistic purposes.

The EDPB and the EDPS acknowledge the legitimate objective of the DGA to improve the conditions for data sharing in the internal market. At the same time, the protection of personal data is an essential and integral element for trust in the digital economy. With this joint opinion, the EDPB and the EDPS invite the co-legislators to ensure that the future DGA is fully in line with the EU personal data protection legislation, thus fostering trust in the digital economy and upholding the level of protection provided by EU law under the supervision of the EU Member States’ supervisory authorities.  

Andrea Jelinek, Chair of the EDPB, said:The EU's data protection legal framework does not stand in the way of developing the data economy. Quite the contrary, it enables it: trust in any kind of data sharing can only be achieved by respecting existing data protection legislation. The GDPR is the foundation on which the European data governance model must be built. That is why we underline the need to ensure consistency with the GDPR with regard to the competence of the supervisory authorities, the roles of the different actors involved, the legal basis for the processing of personal data, the necessary safeguards and the exercise of the rights of the data subjects.

Wojciech Wiewiórowski, EDPS, said:We understand the growing importance of data for the economy and society as outlined in the European Data Strategy. However, with “big data comes big responsibility”, therefore appropriate data protection safeguards must be put in place. The overarching framework for European data spaces should ensure that the data protection acquis is not affected.

The EDPB and EDPS consider that the EU legislator should ensure that the wording of the DGA clearly and unambiguously state that this act will not affect the level of protection of individuals’ personal data, nor will any rights and obligations set out in the data protection legislation be altered.  

Concerning the reuse of personal data held by public sector bodies, the EDPB and EDPS recommend aligning the DGA with the existing rules on the protection of personal data laid down in the GDPR and with the Open Data Directive. Furthermore, it should be clarified that the reuse of personal data held by public sector bodies may only be allowed if it is grounded in EU or Member State law. Such laws should include a list of clear compatible purposes for which further processing may be lawfully authorised or constitutes a necessary and proportionate measure in a democratic society to safeguard the objectives referred to in Article 23 of the GDPR. 

On data sharing service providers, the joint opinion highlights the need to ensure prior information and controls for individuals, taking into account the principles of data protection by design and by default, transparency and purpose limitation.  Furthermore, the modalities upon which such service providers would effectively assist individuals in exercising their rights as data subjects should be clarified. 

As for data altruism, the EDPB and the EDPS recommend that the DGA should better define the purposes of general interest of such “data altruism”. Data altruism should be organised in such a way that it allows individuals to easily give, but also, withdraw their consent. 

In light of the possible risks for data subjects when their personal data might be processed by data sharing service providers or data altruism organisations, the EDPB and EDPS consider that the declaratory registration regimes for these entities, as laid down in the DGA, do not provide for a sufficiently stringent vetting procedure applicable to such services. Therefore, the EDPB and EDPS recommend exploring alternative procedures that foresee a more systematic inclusion of accountability tools, in particular the adherence to a code of conduct or certification mechanism.

The joint opinion also includes recommendations on the designation of the supervisory authorities as main competent authorities for the control of the compliance with the DGA provisions, in consultation with other relevant sectorial authorities.

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[1] See Explanatory Memorandum of the Proposal, page 1

Note to editors:  Please note that all documents adopted during the EDPB Plenary are subject to the necessary legal, linguistic and formatting checks and will be made available on the EDPB website once these have been completed.

EDPB_Press Release_statement_2021_02

10 March 2021

Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov je sprejel delovni program za obdobje 2021–2022, izjavo glede Uredbe o e-zasebnosti, smernice o virtualnih govornih pomočnikih in smernice o povezanih vozilih ter razpravljal o sklepu o ustreznosti za Združeno kraljestvo.

Bruselj, 10. 3. 2021 – Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov je na svojem 46. plenarnem zasedanju sprejel vrsto dokumentov in razpravljal o osnutku sklepa o ustreznosti za Združeno kraljestvo, ki ga je predstavila Evropska komisija.

Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov je v skladu s členom 29 Poslovnika odbora sprejel svoj dvoletni delovni program za obdobje 2021–2022. Delovni program, s katerim bo odbor uresničeval svoje strateške cilje v praksi, sledi prednostnim nalogam, določenim v strategiji Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov za obdobje 2021–2023.

Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov je sprejel izjavo o osnutku Uredbe o e-zasebnosti. V izjavi je kot pozitiven korak k dokončanju Uredbe o e-zasebnosti izpostavil dogovor o s strani Sveta podeljenem mandatu za pogajanje. Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov opozarja, da bi bilo treba nadzor nad določbami Uredbe o e-zasebnosti glede zasebnosti zaupati nacionalnim organom, ki so pristojni za nadzor nad Splošno uredbo o varstvu podatkov, da se dosežeta usklajena razlaga in usklajeno izvrševanje Uredbe o e-zasebnosti po vsej EU ter zagotovijo enaki konkurenčni pogoji na enotnem digitalnem trgu.

Predsednica Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov Andrea Jelinek je dejala: „Uredba o e-zasebnosti ne sme v nobenem primeru znižati ravni varstva, ki jo zagotavlja zdajšnja Direktiva o zasebnosti in elektronskih komunikacijah, in bi morala dopolnjevati Splošno uredbo o varstvu podatkov z zagotavljanjem dodatnih trdnih jamstev za zaupnost in varstvo vseh vrst elektronskih komunikacij.“

Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov je sprejel smernice o virtualnih govornih pomočnikih. Cilj teh smernic je opredeliti nekatere najpomembnejše izzive glede skladnosti z zakonodajo pri uporabi virtualnih govornih pomočnikov in zadevnim deležnikom priporočiti, kako naj se na te izzive odzovejo. Smernice bodo predložene v šesttedensko javno posvetovanje.

Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov je po javnem posvetovanju sprejel končno različico smernic o povezanih vozilih. Smernice se osredotočajo na obdelavo osebnih podatkov posameznikov pri nepoklicni uporabi povezanih vozil. Končna različica vključuje posodobljeno besedilo in dodatna pojasnila, ki so bila dodana skladno s pripombami in povratnimi informacijami, prejetimi med javnim posvetovanjem.

Odbor je razpravljal o osnutku sklepa o ustreznosti za Združeno kraljestvo, ki ga je prejel od Evropske komisije. Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov bo osnutek sklepa temeljito pregledal, pri tem pa upošteval pomen zagotavljanja kontinuitete in visoke ravni varstva pri prenosih podatkov iz EU.

Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov je prav tako sprejel skupno mnenje Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov in Evropskega nadzornika za varstvo podatkov o Aktu o upravljanju podatkov. O tem bo pozneje danes objavljeno ločeno sporočilo za medije.

Opomba za urednike:
Vse dokumente, sprejete med plenarnim zasedanjem Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov, je treba pravno, jezikovno in oblikovno pregledati. Na spletišču Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkovbodo na voljo po teh pregledih.

EDPB_Press Release_2021_02

03 February 2021

Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov sprejema Priporočila glede člena 36 Direktive (EU) 2016/680 - referenčni dokument o ustreznosti, Mnenje o upravnem dogovoru H3C/PCAOB, Izjavo o novem osnutku določb protokola h Konvenciji o kibernetski kriminaliteti, odgovor na vprašalnik Komisije o obdelavi osebnih podatkov za znanstvene raziskave & razprava o politiki varstva zasebnosti Whatsapp

Bruselj, 3. februarja — Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov je na 45. plenarnem zasedanju sprejel številne dokumente. Poleg tega je odbor razpravljal o posodobljeni politiki varovanja zasebnosti podjetja Whatsapp.

Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov je sprejel Priporočila o referenčnem dokumentu o ustreznosti v skladu z Direktivo (EU) 2016/680. Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov zagotavlja dosledno uporabo zakonodaje EU o varstvu podatkov v EU, vključno z Direktivo (EU) 2016/680 o varstvu posameznikov pri obdelavi osebnih podatkov, ki jih pristojni organi obdelujejo za namene preprečevanja, preiskovanja, odkrivanja ali pregona kaznivih dejanj ali izvrševanja kazenskih sankcij (v nadaljevanju: Direktiva (EU) 2016/680), ki obravnava obdelavo osebnih podatkov za namene kazenskega pregona. Cilj priporočil je zagotoviti seznam elementov, ki jih je treba preučiti pri ocenjevanju ustreznosti tretje države v okviru Direktive (EU) 2016/680. Dokument opozarja na koncept in postopkovne vidike ustreznosti v skladu z Direktivo (EU) 2016/680 in sodno prakso Sodišča Evropske unije ter določa standarde EU za varstvo podatkov za policijsko in pravosodno sodelovanje v kazenskih zadevah.

Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov je sprejel Mnenje o osnutku upravnega dogovora o prenosu osebnih podatkov med Haut Conseil du Commissariat aux Comptes (H3C) in Odborom za nadzor računovodstva v javnih družbah (PCAOB). Ta osnutek upravnega dogovora bo predložen francoskemu nadzornemu organu v odobritev na nacionalni ravni. Francoski nadzorni organ bo spremljal uporabo upravnega dogovora v praksi in po potrebi začasno prekinil vsak prenos, ki ga izvede H3C, če upravni dogovor posameznikom, na katere se nanašajo osebni podatki, preneha zagotavljati v bistvu enakovredno raven varstva.

Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov je sprejel Izjavo o osnutku določb protokola h Konvenciji o kibernetski kriminaliteti. Ta izjava dopolnjuje prispevek Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov  k osnutku drugega dodatnega protokola h Konvenciji Sveta Evrope o kibernetski kriminaliteti (Budimpeška konvencija) in sledi objavi novega osnutka določb.

V tej izjavi Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov opozarja, da bodo določbe, o katerih se trenutno razpravlja, verjetno vplivale na pogoje za dostop do osebnih podatkov v EU za namene kazenskega pregona in poziva, naj ustrezne institucije EU in nacionalne institucije skrbno spremljajo tekoča pogajanja. Poleg tega Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov poudarja, da je treba zagotoviti popolno skladnost s pravnim redom EU na področju varstva osebnih podatkov.

Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov je sprejel odgovor na vprašalnik Evropske komisije o obdelavi osebnih podatkov za znanstvene raziskave, s poudarkom na raziskave, povezane z zdravjem. Odgovori Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov predstavljajo predhodno stališče o tej temi, njihov namen pa je zagotoviti jasnost glede uporabe Splošne uredbe o varstvu podatkov na področju znanstvenih raziskav na področju zdravja. Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov trenutno pripravlja Smernice za obdelavo osebnih podatkov v znanstvenoraziskovalne namene, ki bodo podrobneje obravnavale ta vprašanja.

Člani upravnega odbora so izmenjali mnenja o nedavni posodobitvi politike varovanja zasebnosti v podjetju WhatsApp. Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov bo še naprej spodbujal to izmenjavo informacij med organi, da bi zagotovil dosledno uporabo zakonodaje o varstvu podatkov po vsej EU v skladu s svojim mandatom.

 

Opomba urednikom:
O
pozoriti je treba, da se za vse dokumente, sprejete na plenarnem zasedanju Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov, opravijo potrebni pravni, jezikovni in oblikovni pregledi ter da bodo ti dokumenti, ko bodo dokončani, na voljo na spletnem mestu Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov.

EDPB_Press Release_2021_1

28 January 2021

 

On the occasion of the 15th annual Data Protection Day, the Members of the EDPB bring you a joint message. Today is an opportunity to reflect on the efforts we make day after day to empower individuals, encourage business to be compliant and to enable trust.  From all of us at the EDPB, we wish you a very happy Data Protection Day.

18 January 2021

The EDPB adopted guidelines on examples regarding data breach notification. These guidelines complement the WP 29 guidance on data breach notification by introducing more practice orientated guidance and recommendations. They aim to help data controllers in deciding how to handle data breaches and what factors to consider during risk assessment. The guidelines contain an inventory of data breach notification cases deemed most common by the national supervisory authorities (SAs), such as ransomware attacks; data exfiltration attacks; and lost or stolen devices and paper documents. Per case category, the guidelines present the most typical good or bad practices, advice on how risks should be identified and assessed, highlight the factors that should be given particular consideration, as well as inform in which cases the controller should notify the SA and/or notify the data subjects. The guidelines will be submitted for public consultation for a period of six weeks.

 

The guidelines and more information about the public consultation are available here

EDPB_Press Release_statement_2021_02

 

15 January 2021

Bruselj, 15. januarja - Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov in Evropski nadzornik za varstvo podatkov sta sprejela skupni mnenji o dveh sklopih pogodbenih določil. Eno mnenje o standardnih pogodbenih določilih za pogodbe med upravljavci in obdelovalci ter mnenje o standardnih pogodbenih določilih za prenos osebnih podatkov v tretje države.

Standardna pogodbena določila za upravljavce in obdelovalce bodo imela učinek po vsej EU, njihov cilj pa bo zagotoviti popolno uskladitev in pravno varnost v EU v zvezi s pogodbami med upravljavci in njihovimi obdelovalci.

Predsednica Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov Andrea Jelinek je izjavila: „Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov in Evropski nadzornik za varstvo podatkov pozdravljata standardna pogodbena določila upravljavec-obdelovalec kot enotno, močno in vseevropsko orodje odgovornosti, ki bo olajšalo skladnost z določbami Splošne uredbe o varstvu podatkov in Uredbe (EU) 2018/1725. Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov in Evropski nadzornik za varstvo podatkov med drugim zahtevata, da se pogodbenima strankama zagotovi zadostna jasnost glede okoliščin, v katerih se lahko zaneseta na ta standardna pogodbena določila, in poudarjata, da situacije, ki vključujejo prenose zunaj EU, ne bi smele biti izključene.“

Za večjo jasnost besedila in zagotovitev njegove praktične uporabnosti pri vsakodnevnem delovanju upravljavcev in obdelovalcev je bilo zahtevanih več sprememb. Te vključujejo medsebojno delovanje obeh dokumentov, t. i. „klavzule o pristopu“, ki omogoča dodatnim subjektom, da pristopijo k standardnim pogodbenim določilom in druge vidike v zvezi z obveznostmi obdelovalcev. Poleg tega Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov in Evropski nadzornik za varstvo podatkov predlagata, naj priloge k standardnim pogodbenim določilom v največji možni meri pojasnijo vloge in odgovornosti vsake pogodbene stranke v zvezi z vsako dejavnostjo obdelave - vsaka dvoumnost bi upravljavcem ali obdelovalcem otežila izpolnjevanje njihovih obveznosti v skladu z načelom odgovornosti.

Evropski nadzornik za varstvo podatkov Wojciech Wiewiórowski je dejal: „Prepričani smo, da lahko ta standardna pogodbena določila upravljavcem in obdelovalcem olajšajo izpolnjevanje njihovih obveznosti, tako v skladu s Splošno uredbo o varstvu podatkov kot pravnim okvirom za institucije in organe EU. Poleg tega upamo, da bodo ta standardna pogodbena določila zagotovila nadaljnjo usklajenost in pravno varnost za posameznike in njihove osebne podatke. V tem okviru si prizadevamo, da bi bili ti dokumenti čim bolj uporabni za prihodnost.“

Osnutki standardnih pogodbenih določil za prenos osebnih podatkov v tretje države v skladu s členom 46(2)(c) Splošne uredbe o varstvu podatkov bodo nadomestili obstoječa standardna pogodbena določila za mednarodne prenose, ki so bili sprejeti na podlagi Direktive 95/46 in jih je bilo treba posodobiti, da se uskladijo z zahtevami iz Splošne uredbe o varstvu podatkov ter upoštevajo sodbo Sodišča EU v zadevi Schrems II, in bolje odražajo razširjeno uporabo novih in kompleksnejših postopkov obdelave, ki pogosto vključujejo več uvoznikov in izvoznikov podatkov. Nova standardna pogodbena določila zlasti vključujejo bolj specifične zaščitne ukrepe, če zakoni namembne države vplivajo na skladnost z določili, zlasti v primeru zavezujočih zahtev javnih organov za razkritje osebnih podatkov.

Evropski nadzornik za varstvo podatkov Wojciech Wiewiórowski je dejal: Glede na naše praktične izkušnje smo podali te pripombe za izboljšanje standardnih pogodbenih določil, da bi se v celoti zagotovilo, da se osebnim podatkom državljanov EU pri prenosu v tretje države zagotovi v bistvu enaka raven varstva. Menimo, da so ti predlogi in spremembe ključni za doseganje teh ciljev v praksi.“

Na splošno Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov in Evropski nadzornik za varstvo podatkov menita, da osnutki standardnih pogodbenih določil predstavljajo okrepljeno raven varstva posameznikov, na katere se nanašajo osebni podatki. Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov in Evropski nadzornik za varstvo podatkov zlasti pozdravljata posebne določbe, namenjene obravnavi nekaterih glavnih vprašanj, opredeljenih v sodbi v zadevi Schrems II. Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov in Evropski nadzornik za varstvo podatkov kljub temu menita, da bi bilo mogoče nekatere določbe izboljšati ali pojasniti, kot je področje uporabe standardnih pogodbenih določil; nekatere pravice tretjih oseb, ki so upravičene do pomoči; nekatere obveznosti v zvezi z nadaljnjimi prenosi; vidiki ocene zakonodaje tretjih držav v zvezi z dostopom javnih organov do javnih podatkov in uradno obvestilo nadzornemu organu.

Predsednica Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov Andrea Jelinek je dodala: „Pogoji, pod katerimi se lahko uporabljajo standardna pogodbena določila, morajo biti jasni za organizacije, posamezniki, na katere se nanašajo osebni podatki, pa bi morali imeti na voljo učinkovite pravice in pravna sredstva. Poleg tega bi morala standardna pogodbena določila vključevati jasno razdelitev vlog in ureditve odgovornosti med pogodbenima strankama. Kar zadeva potrebo po »ad hoc« dodatnih ukrepih za zagotovitev, da se posameznikom, na katere se nanašajo osebni podatki, zagotovi raven varstva, ki je v bistvu enaka ravni, zagotovljeni v EU, bo treba nova standardna pogodbena določila v nekaterih primerih uporabiti skupaj s Priporočili Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov o dopolnilnih ukrepih.“

Evropski odbor za varstvo podatkov in Evropski nadzornik za varstvo podatkov pozivata Komisijo, naj se sklicuje na končno različico Priporočil Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov o dopolnilnih ukrepih, če bo končna različica priporočil sprejeta pred sklepom Komisije o standardnih pogodbenih določilih. Ta dokument je bil predložen v javno posvetovanje do dne 21. 12. 2020 in ga je mogoče še dodatno spremeniti na podlagi rezultatov javnega posvetovanja.

 

Opomba za urednike:
Vsi dokumenti, sprejeti na plenarnem zasedanju Evropskega odbora za varstvo podatkov, so predmet potrebnih pravnih, jezikovnih in oblikovnih pregledov ter bodo po zaključku na voljo na spletnem mestu Evropskega odbora o varstvu podatkov.

 

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